The barber, therefore, became the most important man of the tribe as they believed that bad
spirits could only be driven out by cutting the hair. During religious ceremonies, the hair was
left hanging loosely over the shoulders to allow the bad spirits to depart. Then the hair was cut
and tied back tightly in the prevailing fashion, preventing the bad spirits from re-entering and
the good spirits from leaving. Wherever legends and superstitions about the hair abounded,
About 7000 years ago, the Egyptian men of the upper classes not only shaved their beards
and heads but also shaved their entire bodies every third day. Their barbers had tweezers
and razors in the shape of small hatchets, with curved handles, and they carried their implements
in open-mouthed baskets. Tombs from 4000 B.C. show hieroglyphs explaining the use of these
tools. Finely chipped obsidian blades fastened securely to slate handles were utilised by the
Mesopotamians in 3000 B.C., whilst the Samarians of 2000 B.C. were also clean-shaven.
A sarcophagus design from Crete around 2000 B.C. shows clean-shaven men, and goblets
show clean-shaven warriors. In 1230 B.C., Hittite soldiers were beardless, whilst Ramases II
wore a tie-on beard over his clean-shaven face, represented by the statue in Luxor, Egypt.